Tag Archives: Inference

Survey of Abduction, Deduction, Induction, Analogy, Inquiry • 1

This is a Survey of blog and wiki posts on three elementary forms of inference, as recognized by a logical tradition that extends from Aristotle through C.S. Peirce.  Particular attention is paid to the ways these inferential rudiments combine to form … Continue reading

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{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 6

Note. This is a placeholder, to be developed later. Figure 2 shows the implication ordering of logical terms in the form of a lattice diagram. Figure 2. Disjunctive Term u, Taken as Subject Reference Peirce, C.S. (1866), “The Logic of … Continue reading

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{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 5

Let’s stay with Peirce’s example of abductive inference a little longer and try to clear up the more troublesome confusions that tend to arise. Figure 1 shows the implication ordering of logical terms in the form of a lattice diagram. … Continue reading

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{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 4

There are still many things that puzzle me about Peirce’s account at this point.  I indicated a few of them by means of question marks at several places in the last two Figures.  There is nothing for it but returning … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Comprehension, Deduction, Extension, Hypothesis, Icon Index Symbol, Induction, Inference, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Information Theory, Inquiry, Intension, Logic, Logic of Science, Peirce, Peirce's Categories, Pragmatism, Science, Scientific Method, Semiotic Information, Semiotics, Sign Relations | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 3

Peirce identifies inference with a process he describes as symbolization.  Let us consider what that might imply. I am going, next, to show that inference is symbolization and that the puzzle of the validity of scientific inference lies merely in … Continue reading

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{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 2

Let’s examine Peirce’s second example of a disjunctive term — neat, swine, sheep, deer — within the style of lattice framework that we used before. Hence if we find out that neat are herbivorous, swine are herbivorous, sheep are herbivorous, … Continue reading

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{ Information = Comprehension × Extension } • Comment 1

At this point in his inventory of scientific reasoning, Peirce is relating the nature of inference, information, and inquiry to the character of the signs mediating the process in question, a process he is presently describing as symbolization. In the interests … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Comprehension, Deduction, Extension, Hypothesis, Icon Index Symbol, Induction, Inference, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Information Theory, Inquiry, Intension, Logic, Logic of Science, Peirce, Peirce's Categories, Pragmatism, Science, Scientific Method, Semiotic Information, Semiotics, Sign Relations | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment