Category Archives: Equational Inference

Animated Logical Graphs • 50

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) (45) (46) (47) (48) (49) In our last of six ways of looking at the Peirce duality between entitative and existential interpretations, here is the … Continue reading

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Animated Logical Graphs • 49

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) (45) (46) (47) (48) Dualities are symmetries of order two and symmetries bear on complexity by reducing its measure in proportion to their order.  The … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 48

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) (45) (46) (47) A more graphic picture of Peirce duality is given by the next Table, which shows how logical graphs map to venn diagrams … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 47

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) (45) (46) A logical concept represented by a boolean variable has its extension, the cases it covers in a designated universe of discourse, and its … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 46

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) (45) Another way of looking at Peirce duality is given by the following Table, which shows how logical graphs denote boolean functions under entitative and … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 45

Re: Richard J. Lipton • The Art Of Math Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (30) There’s a nice interplay between geometric and logical dualities in C.S. Peirce’s graphical systems of logic, rooted in his discovery of the amphecks and and flowering … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

Theme One • A Program Of Inquiry 20

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Vaccines Are Not Developing Back in the day when I was making The Big Bucks (time-adjusted dollars) consulting on research statistics in bioscience-medical-nursing-public-health settings, I noticed a certain analogy between propositional calculus research (PCR0) and … Continue reading

Posted in Algorithms, Animata, Artificial Intelligence, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Cognition, Computation, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Data Structures, Differential Logic, Equational Inference, Formal Languages, Graph Theory, Inquiry Driven Systems, Laws of Form, Learning Theory, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Propositional Calculus, Semiotics, Spencer Brown, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Theme One • A Program Of Inquiry 19

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Knowledge Is Good It’s the usual thing to say scientific inquiry involves a combination of deductive and inductive reasoning.  A slightly different, 3-phase model, going back to Aristotle and revived by Charles S. Peirce, analyzes … Continue reading

Posted in Algorithms, Animata, Artificial Intelligence, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Cognition, Computation, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Data Structures, Differential Logic, Equational Inference, Formal Languages, Graph Theory, Inquiry Driven Systems, Laws of Form, Learning Theory, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Propositional Calculus, Semiotics, Spencer Brown, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 44

Re: FB | Ecology Of Systems Thinking • Richard Saunders RS:  DNA and proteins might be good places to look for logical graphs in nature since our tech for mapping those structures has become fairly proficient lately.  Do you think … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 43

Re: FB | Ecology Of Systems Thinking • Richard Saunders RS:  I wonder if we might find such graphs in the physical microstructures of brains, cells, proteins, etc. Dear Richard, You are reading my mind.  See the following post on … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments