Category Archives: Model Theory

Animated Logical Graphs • 40

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs Re: Animated Logical Graphs • (35) (36) (37) (38) (39) One way to see the difference between insight proofs and routine proofs is to pick a single example of a theorem … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 39

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs Happy Peirce’s Birthday, Everyone ❢ We’ve been discussing aspects of proof style arising in connection with the complexity of proofs.  In previous posts we took up (1) the aspect of formal … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 38

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs Three examples of propositional proofs in logical graphs using equational inference rules can be found at the following location. Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems • Exemplary Proofs Animated proofs of the three … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Survey of Animated Logical Graphs • 3

This is one of several Survey posts I’ll be drafting from time to time, starting with minimal stubs and collecting links to the better variations on persistent themes I’ve worked on over the years.  After that I’ll look to organizing … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Computational Complexity, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Differential Logic, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 37

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs Another dimension of proof style has to do with how much information is kept or lost as the argument develops.  For the moment let’s focus on classical deductive reasoning at the … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 36

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs Dear Dick, You asked, “Is this measure, the logical flow of a proof, of any interest?” I was not sure how you define the measure of flow in a proof — … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 35

Re: Richard J. Lipton • Logical Complexity Of Proofs The smoothest way I know to do propositional calculus is by using minimal negation operators as primitives, parsing propositional formulas into (painted and rooted) cactus graphs, and using the appropriate extension … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Animated Logical Graphs • 34

Re: Ontolog Forum • John Sowa Re: Peirce List • John Sowa Dear John, I can’t imagine why anyone would bother with Peirce’s logic if it’s just Frege and Russell in a different syntax, which has been the opinion I … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 33

A reader’s request for more examples of animated logical graphs prompted me to look again at the User Guide for my Theme One Program, whose exposition develops a series of logical graphs increasing in complexity from extremely simple to more substantial … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Animated Logical Graphs • 32

Re: R.J. Lipton and K.W. Regan • Proof Checking Dear Dick/Ken, Here’s a place where I explore different shapes of proofs in a propositional calculus deriving from the graphical systems of Charles S. Peirce and G. Spencer Brown. Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems • Analysis … Continue reading

Posted in Amphecks, Animata, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, C.S. Peirce, Cactus Graphs, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Deduction, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Duality, Equational Inference, Graph Theory, Laws of Form, Logic, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Minimal Negation Operators, Model Theory, Painted Cacti, Peirce, Proof Theory, Propositional Calculus, Propositional Equation Reasoning Systems, Spencer Brown, Theorem Proving, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment