Category Archives: Philosophy of Science

Survey of Semiotic Theory Of Information • 2

This is a Survey of previous blog and wiki posts on the Semiotic Theory Of Information.  All my projects are exploratory in essence but this line of inquiry is more open-ended than most.  The question is: What is information and how … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, C.S. Peirce, Communication, Control, Cybernetics, Deduction, Determination, Discovery, Doubt, Epistemology, Fixation of Belief, Induction, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Information Theory, Inquiry, Inquiry Driven Systems, Inquiry Into Inquiry, Interpretation, Invention, Knowledge, Learning Theory, Logic, Logic of Relatives, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Peirce, Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Pragmatic Information, Probable Reasoning, Process Thinking, Relation Theory, Scientific Inquiry, Scientific Method, Semeiosis, Semiosis, Semiotic Information, Semiotics, Sign Relational Manifolds, Sign Relations, Surveys, Triadic Relations, Uncertainty | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Inquiry, Signs, Relations • 1

Re: Michael Harris • A Non-Logical Cognitive Phenomenon Human spontaneous non-demonstrative inference is not, overall, a logical process.  Hypothesis formation involves the use of deductive rules, but is not totally governed by them;  hypothesis confirmation is a non-logical cognitive phenomenon:  … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Action, Analogy, C.S. Peirce, Cognition, Cognitive Science, Communication, Deduction, Foundations of Mathematics, Induction, Information, Information Theory, Inquiry, Inquiry Into Inquiry, Interpretation, Logic, Logic of Relatives, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Michael Harris, Peirce, Philosophy, Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Science, Pragmatism, Relation Theory, Relevance, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Triadic Relations | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Survey of Semiotic Theory Of Information • 1

This is a Survey of previous blog and wiki posts on the Semiotic Theory Of Information.  All my projects are exploratory in essence but this line of inquiry is more open-ended than most.  The question is: What is information and how … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, C.S. Peirce, Communication, Control, Cybernetics, Deduction, Determination, Discovery, Doubt, Epistemology, Fixation of Belief, Induction, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Information Theory, Inquiry, Inquiry Driven Systems, Inquiry Into Inquiry, Interpretation, Invention, Knowledge, Learning Theory, Logic, Logic of Relatives, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Peirce, Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Pragmatic Information, Probable Reasoning, Process Thinking, Relation Theory, Scientific Inquiry, Scientific Method, Semeiosis, Semiosis, Semiotic Information, Semiotics, Sign Relational Manifolds, Sign Relations, Surveys, Triadic Relations, Uncertainty | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Scientific Attitude : 1

There is an outlook on the world that I call the Scientific Attitude (SA).  There are times when the “A” is better served by apperception, approach, or attunement, but attitude will do for a start. The scientific attitude accepts appearances, … Continue reading

Posted in Epistemology, Generality, Haecceity, Inquiry, Inquiry Into Inquiry, Knowledge, Logic, Logic of Science, Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Reproducibility, Science, Scientific Attitude, Scientific Method | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

C.S. Peirce • Syllabus • Selection 1

Selection from C.S. Peirce, “A Syllabus of Certain Topics of Logic” (1903) An Outline Classification of the Sciences 180.   This classification, which aims to base itself on the principal affinities of the objects classified, is concerned not with all … Continue reading

Posted in C.S. Peirce, Classification, Foundations of Mathematics, Logic, Mathematics, Metaphysics, Normative Science, Peirce, Phenomenology, Philosophy, Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Science, References, Science, Sources | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 10 Comments

What part do arguments from authority play in mathematical reasoning?

In forming your answer you may choose to address any or all of the following aspects of the question: Descriptive What part do arguments from authority actually play in mathematical reasoning? Normative What part do arguments from authority ideally play … Continue reading

Posted in Artificial Intelligence, Authority, Control, Control Theory, Cybernetics, Fixation of Belief, History of Mathematics, History of Science, Information, Information Theory, Inquiry, Inquiry Driven Systems, Intelligent Systems, Intuition, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematical Intuition, Mathematical Reasoning, Operations Research, Optimal Control, Optimization, Philosophy of Science, Scientific Method | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Tenacity, Authority, Plausibility, Inquiry

Re: Peter Cameron • Mathematics and Logic My favorite polymathematician, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave a fourfold classification of what he called “methods of fixing belief”, or “settling opinion”, most notably and seminally in his paper, “The Fixation of Belief” (1877).  … Continue reading

Posted in Authority, Belief Fixation, C.S. Peirce, Fixation of Belief, Inquiry, Logic, Method, Peirce, Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Plausibility, Science, Scientific Inquiry, Scientific Method, Tenacity, Uncertainty | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments