Abduction, Deduction, Induction, Analogy, Inquiry : 3

Re: R.J. Lipton and K.W. ReganWaves, Hazards, Guesses

Aristotle’s apagoge, variously translated as abduction, reduction, or retroduction, is a form of reasoning common to two types of situations.  It may be (1) the operation by which a phenomenon (a fact to grasp, to understand) is factored through an explanatory hypothesis, or (2) the operation by which a problem (a fact to make, to accomplish) is factored through an intermediate construction.  Aristotle gives one example of each type in Prior Analytics 2.25.  I give some discussion here:

This entry was posted in Abduction, Analogy, Aristotle, Artificial Intelligence, C.S. Peirce, Computation, Computational Complexity, Deduction, Induction, Inquiry, Inquiry Driven Systems, Intelligent Systems, Logic, Peirce, Problem Solving, Semiotics and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Abduction, Deduction, Induction, Analogy, Inquiry : 3

  1. Pingback: Survey of Abduction, Deduction, Induction, Analogy, Inquiry • 1 | Inquiry Into Inquiry

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