Tag Archives: Pragmatic Semiotic Information

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 5

Inquiry and Analogy • Aristotle’s “Paradigm” • Reasoning by Analogy Aristotle examines the subject of analogical inference or “reasoning by example” under the heading of the Greek word παραδειγμα, from which comes the English word paradigm.  In its original sense … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 4

Inquiry and Analogy • Aristotle’s “Apagogy” • Abductive Reasoning Peirce’s notion of abductive reasoning is derived from Aristotle’s treatment of it in the Prior Analytics.  Aristotle’s discussion begins with an example which may seem incidental but the question and its … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 3

Inquiry and Analogy • Comparison of the Analyses The next two Figures will be of use when we turn to comparing the three types of inference as they appear in the respective analyses of Aristotle and Peirce. Types of Reasoning … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 2

Inquiry and Analogy • Three Types of Reasoning Types of Reasoning in C.S. Peirce Peirce gives one of his earliest treatments of the three types of reasoning in his Harvard Lectures of 1865 “On the Logic of Science”.  There he … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 1

Inquiry and Analogy • Three Types of Reasoning Types of Reasoning in Aristotle Figure 1 gives a quick overview of traditional terminology I’ll have occasion to refer to as discussion proceeds. Resources Logic Syllabus Boolean Function Boolean-Valued Function Logical Conjunction … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • Preliminaries

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy This report discusses C.S. Peirce’s treatment of analogy, placing it in relation to his overall theory of inquiry.  We begin by introducing three basic types of reasoning Peirce adopted from classical logic.  In Peirce’s analysis … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Analogy, Argument, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Constraint, Deduction, Determination, Diagrammatic Reasoning, Diagrams, Differential Logic, Functional Logic, Hypothesis, Indication, Induction, Inference, Information, Inquiry, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Probable Reasoning, Propositional Calculus, Propositions, Reasoning, Retroduction, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Syllogism, Triadic Relations, Visualization | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Conceptual Barriers • 4

Re: Conceptual Barriers • (1) • (2) • (3) Re: Peirce List • John Sowa • Gary Richmond • Robert Marty Dear Robert, I believe you have pointed to the crux of the matter. When I arrived on the campus … Continue reading

Posted in Artificial Intelligence, C.P. Snow, C.S. Peirce, Conceptual Barriers, Conceptual Integration, Constraint, Indication, Information, Inquiry, Inquiry Driven Systems, Intelligent Systems, Knowledge Representation, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Scholarship of Integration, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Systems Theory, Two Cultures, Uncertainty | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pragmatic Semiotic Information • Discussion 21

Re: FB | Medieval Logic • Kollbjorn Oldtheyn • Edward Buckner On the question of which later developments in logic Peirce anticipated, I’ve been more focused on the points where he saw through to features we would not see again … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Comprehension, Deduction, Definition, Determination, Extension, Hypothesis, Induction, Inference, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Inquiry, Intension, Intention, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Measurement, Observation, Peirce, Perception, Phenomenology, Physics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Pragmatism, Probability, Quantum Mechanics, Scientific Method, Semiotics, Sign Relations | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pragmatic Semiotic Information • Discussion 20

Re: R.J. Lipton and K.W. Regan • IBM Conference on the Informational Lens A little bit of history recoded … It may be worth noting the Information Revolution in our understanding of science began in the mid 1860s when C.S. Peirce … Continue reading

Posted in Abduction, Aristotle, C.S. Peirce, Comprehension, Deduction, Definition, Determination, Extension, Hypothesis, Induction, Inference, Information, Information = Comprehension × Extension, Inquiry, Intension, Intention, Logic, Logic of Science, Mathematics, Measurement, Observation, Peirce, Perception, Phenomenology, Physics, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Pragmatism, Probability, Quantum Mechanics, Scientific Method, Semiotics, Sign Relations | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Sign Relations • Discussion 10

Anthesis • Definition • Signs and Inquiry • Examples Dyadic Aspects • Denotation • Connotation • Ennotation Semiotic Equivalence Relations • (1) • (2) Re: Cybernetics • Klaus Krippendorff • Bernard Scott Re: Ontolog • Mihai Nadin • John Sowa … Continue reading

Posted in C.S. Peirce, Logic, Logic of Relatives, Mathematics, Peirce, Peirce's Categories, Philosophy, Pragmatic Semiotic Information, Pragmatism, Relation Theory, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Thirdness, Triadic Relations, Triadicity | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment