Peirce’s 1870 “Logic of Relatives” • Comment 11.24

Peirce’s 1870 “Logic of Relatives”Comment 11.24

We come to the last of Peirce’s observations about the “number of” function in CP 3.76.

NOF 4.4

It is to be observed that

[\mathit{1}] ~=~ 1.

Boole was the first to show this connection between logic and probabilities.  He was restricted, however, to absolute terms.  I do not remember having seen any extension of probability to relatives, except the ordinary theory of expectation.

Our logical multiplication, then, satisfies the essential conditions of multiplication, has a unity, has a conception similar to that of admitted multiplications, and contains numerical multiplication as a case under it.

(Peirce, CP 3.76 and CE 2, 376)

There are problems with the printing of text at this point.  To recall the conventions used in this transcription, the italic figure ``\mathit{1}" denotes the dyadic identity relation \mathit{1} while the antique figure ``\mathfrak{1}" denotes what Peirce otherwise defines as \mathit{1}_\infty = \text{something}.

Collected Papers CP 3 gives [\mathit{1}] = \mathfrak{1}, which does not make sense.  Chronological Edition CE 2 gives the 1’s in different styles of italics but reading the equation as [\mathit{1}] = 1 makes better sense if the latter “1” is the numeral denoting the natural number 1 and not the absolute term “1” denoting the universe of discourse.  The quantity [\mathit{1}] is defined as the average number of things related by the identity relation \mathit{1} to one individual, and so it makes sense that [\mathit{1}] = 1 \in \mathbb{N}, where \mathbb{N} is the set of non-negative integers \{ 0, 1, 2, \ldots \}.

With respect to the relative term ``\mathit{1}" in the syntactic domain S and the number 1 in the non-negative integers \mathbb{N} \subset \mathbb{R}, we have the following.

v(\mathit{1}) ~=~ [\mathit{1}] ~=~ 1.

At long last, then, the “number of” mapping v : S \to \mathbb{R} has another one of the properties required of an arrow from logical terms in S to real numbers in \mathbb{R}.

Resources

cc: CyberneticsOntolog ForumStructural ModelingSystems Science
cc: FB | Peirce Matters • Laws of Form (1) (2) • Peirce List (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

This entry was posted in C.S. Peirce, Logic, Logic of Relatives, Logical Graphs, Mathematics, Relation Theory, Visualization and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Peirce’s 1870 “Logic of Relatives” • Comment 11.24

  1. Pingback: Survey of Relation Theory • 3 | Inquiry Into Inquiry

  2. Pingback: Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Overview | Inquiry Into Inquiry

  3. Pingback: Peirce’s 1870 “Logic Of Relatives” • Comment 1 | Inquiry Into Inquiry

  4. Pingback: Survey of Relation Theory • 4 | Inquiry Into Inquiry

  5. Pingback: Survey of Relation Theory • 5 | Inquiry Into Inquiry

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.