# Tag Archives: Diagrammatic Reasoning

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 5

Inquiry and Analogy • Aristotle’s “Paradigm” • Reasoning by Analogy Aristotle examines the subject of analogical inference or “reasoning by example” under the heading of the Greek word παραδειγμα, from which comes the English word paradigm.  In its original sense … Continue reading

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 4

Inquiry and Analogy • Aristotle’s “Apagogy” • Abductive Reasoning Peirce’s notion of abductive reasoning is derived from Aristotle’s treatment of it in the Prior Analytics.  Aristotle’s discussion begins with an example which may seem incidental but the question and its … Continue reading

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 3

Inquiry and Analogy • Comparison of the Analyses The next two Figures will be of use when we turn to comparing the three types of inference as they appear in the respective analyses of Aristotle and Peirce. Types of Reasoning … Continue reading

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 2

Inquiry and Analogy • Three Types of Reasoning Types of Reasoning in C.S. Peirce Peirce gives one of his earliest treatments of the three types of reasoning in his Harvard Lectures of 1865 “On the Logic of Science”.  There he … Continue reading

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • 1

Inquiry and Analogy • Three Types of Reasoning Types of Reasoning in Aristotle Figure 1 gives a quick overview of traditional terminology I’ll have occasion to refer to as discussion proceeds. Resources Logic Syllabus Boolean Function Boolean-Valued Function Logical Conjunction … Continue reading

## Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy • Preliminaries

Functional Logic • Inquiry and Analogy This report discusses C.S. Peirce’s treatment of analogy, placing it in relation to his overall theory of inquiry.  We begin by introducing three basic types of reasoning Peirce adopted from classical logic.  In Peirce’s analysis … Continue reading

## Logical Graphs, Iconicity, Interpretation • Discussion 2

Re: Logical Graphs, Iconicity, Interpretation • 2 Re: Laws of Form • John Mingers JM: The quote you have given does not match the standard Peircean trichotomy of icon, index, symbol.  See this quote from [CP 4.447 …] Dear John, I … Continue reading

## Logical Graphs, Iconicity, Interpretation • Discussion 1

Re: Logical Graphs, Iconicity, Interpretation • 1 Re: Laws of Form • John Mingers JM: I’m impressed that you have read Ricoeur — my impression is that Americans don’t have much time for Continental philosophy (a huge generalisation of course). … Continue reading

## C.S. Peirce • Algebra of Logic ∫ Philosophy of Notation • 2

Selection from C.S. Peirce, “On the Algebra of Logic : A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation” (1885) §1.  Three Kinds Of Signs (cont.) I have taken pains to make my distinction of icons, indices, and tokens clear, in order … Continue reading

## C.S. Peirce • Algebra of Logic ∫ Philosophy of Notation • 1

Selection from C.S. Peirce, “On the Algebra of Logic : A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation” (1885) §1.  Three Kinds Of Signs Any character or proposition either concerns one subject, two subjects, or a plurality of subjects.  For example, … Continue reading