## Peirce’s 1880 “Algebra Of Logic” Chapter 3 • Selection 2

### Chapter 3. The Logic of Relatives (cont.)

#### §1. Individual and Simple Terms (concl.)

216.   Just as in mathematics we speak of infinitesimals and infinites, which are fictitious limits of continuous quantity, and every statement involving these expressions has its interpretation in the doctrine of limits, so in logic we may define an individual, $\mathrm{A},$ as such a term that $\mathrm{A} \,\overline{-\!\!\!<}\, 0,$

but such that if $x < \mathrm{A}$

then $x \,-\!\!\!< 0.$

And in the same way, we may define the simple, $\alpha,$ as such a term that $\infty \,\overline{-\!\!\!<}\, \alpha,$

but such that if $\alpha < x$

then $\infty \,-\!\!\!< x.$

The individual and the simple, as here defined, are ideal limits, and every statement about either is to be interpreted by the doctrine of limits.

217.   Every term may be conceived as a limitless logical sum of individuals, or as a limitless logical product of simples;  thus, $\begin{array}{lll} a & = & \mathrm{A}_1 + \mathrm{A}_2 + \mathrm{A}_3 + \mathrm{A}_4 + \mathrm{A}_5 + \text{etc.} \\[8pt] \overline{a} & = & \overline{\mathrm{A}}_1 \times \overline{\mathrm{A}}_2 \times \overline{\mathrm{A}}_3 \times \overline{\mathrm{A}}_4 \times \overline{\mathrm{A}}_5 \times \text{etc.} \end{array}$

It will be seen that a simple is the negative of an individual.

### References

• Peirce, C.S. (1880), “On the Algebra of Logic”, American Journal of Mathematics 3, 15–57.  Collected Papers (CP 3.154–251), Chronological Edition (CE 4, 163–209).
• Peirce, C.S., Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vols. 1–6, Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss (eds.), vols. 7–8, Arthur W. Burks (ed.), Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1931–1935, 1958.  Volume 3 : Exact Logic, 1933.
• Peirce, C.S., Writings of Charles S. Peirce : A Chronological Edition, Peirce Edition Project (eds.), Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN, 1981–.  Volume 4 (1879–1884), 1986.

### Resources

This entry was posted in Logic, Logic of Relatives, Mathematics, Peirce, Relation Theory, Semiotics, Sign Relations, Triadic Relations and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

### 7 Responses to Peirce’s 1880 “Algebra Of Logic” Chapter 3 • Selection 2

1. Asma Khalid says:

Which I could have the complete paper

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.